Most people in the US can’t learn in Kolel 8-12 hours a day because of their financial responsibilities. However, most people can at least learn 1-2 hours in the morning and and maybe 1-2 hours at night. Now, Besiata Dishmaya, for those who have 2-4 to learn a day, I would like guide you what to learn.
What should I learn?
-In the morning Talmud and 10 minutes Mussar, and in the afternoon devote all the time to Halacha.
What Masechta sbould I learn? Whichever one you want. I always recommend for beginners to take on Berachot and to continue to the Bava’s after that. However, for people with Yeshiva experience, I recommend Masechet Shabbat.
What Sefer should I learn from at night?
-For Ashkenazim with not a lot of Yeshiva experience, I recommend Mishna Berura (with Piske Ish Masliah). However, there are even some people that have Yeshiva experience and don’t get a lot done with Mishna Berura, or don’t have time. For those who don’t have time or patience for Mishna Berura, I would recommend Kitzur Shulhan Aruch with Piske HaMishna Berura (and to know a little Sefaradi Halachot with Piske HaRav Mordechai Eliyahu ZSWQ”L).
-For Sefaradim who follow Peshat with Yeshiva experience, I recommend Halacha Berura by HaRav Dawid Yosef Shelit”a with the footnotes. However, for those with no Yeshiva experience, I recommend the Kitzur Yalkut Yosef, available in it’s entirety in two links: OrHanetzach.co.il and Yalkut.info. I recommend you purchase the book as it is an invaluable source for Halacha LeMaasaeh. However, since Halacha Berura doesn’t cover Hilchot Shabbat and other Halachot, Yalkut Yosef is your best bet. However, if you like the style of HaRav Dawid Yosef Shelit”a, you can get Torat HaMoadim that speaks about the holidays.
-For Sefaradim who follow Sod with Yeshiva experience, it depends what Halacha you are looking for. For Hilchot Shabbat, I recommend Menuhat Ahava by HaRav Moshe HaLewi ZSWQ”L or Hilchot Shabbat by HaRav Mordechai Eliyahu ZSWQ”L and for Hilchot Berachot, Birkat Hashem by HaRav Moshe HaLewi ZSWQ”L or Hilchot Berachot by HaRav Mordechai Eliyahu ZSWQ”L. For other Halachot I recommend Ben Ish Hai. However, for those without Yeshiva experience, I recommend simply the Kitzur Shulhan Aruch with the Pesakim of HaRav Mordechai Eliyahu ZSWQ”L.
-For Haside Habad, I simply recommend the Kitzur Shulhan Aruch Im Piske HaShulhan Aruch HaRav.
What Halachot should I learn? If you really a Baki in Halacha, start 15 minutes in the beginning of Orah Haim, and the second 25 Hilchot Berachot, and in the last 20 minutes Hilchot Shabbat. If you are a Baki in Halacha, take on Yalkut Yosef on Hilchot Shabbat and Yore Deah.
I hope this post helped a little, and of course for any questions please comment.